Proper Maintenance of Sewer Utilities
In each and every area, water, and sewer utilities are a major requirement for all commercial, residential and industrial purposes. Water utilities majorly provide potable water to use in industrial, commercial and residential areas for cleaning, washing, drinking, cooking and supporting other needs that need water. Waste water generated from the various premises in an area is collected in the sewer utilities where it is carried to a common place for processing or disposal. Water and sewer utilities mostly the pipes carrying the different contents run together in most regions although some sewer utilities run underground. Water pipes are required to be above the sewer pipe to prevent chances of contamination in situations where there is a leakage in the sewer pipes.
Sewer utilities carry the wastewater commonly referred to as sewage into a treatment facility or where they are disposed. The wastewater carried is from all premises that are connected to the sewer system in an area. Sewer utilities can also accommodate storm water mainly in urban areas where the land is cemented hence hard for the water to infiltrate. Most areas ensure that there are two separate sewer utilities for carrying sewage water and storm water. This is because it is easier to manage sewage water and storm water separately as they contain different types and quantities of waste. In a treatment plant where wastewater is taken, the organic nod inorganic pollutants are removed making the water safe for disposal into the environment. Sewer and water utility services are run by one company hence user pay for both services as one to the company. The money collected ensures that the sewer utilities are maintained at all times.
There are also some area that are not connected to the municipal sewer utilities hence they use the septic tanks. There are various material used in making the septic tanks which include concrete, plastic or fiberglass to collect wastewater. Septic tanks are very effective for use in residential areas that produce less wastewater as compared to industrial and commercial premises. Septic tanks have microorganisms that help in treating waste water disposed in them. Use of septic tanks requires that one takes some precautionary measure to ensure that it runs smoothly. This includes avoiding disposing too much oil into the septic tanks or dangerous chemicals that are likely to damage the septic tank or even kill bacteria responsible for treating the waste water. Regulations require septic tanks to be placed beneath the ground surface and one should ensure that they do not leak nor release odors into the environment. The law requires that the distance between the septic tank and the house be at least five feet.